Animal welfare refers to the ethical and compassionate treatment of animals, ensuring their physical and psychological well-being. It encompasses efforts to protect animals from unnecessary suffering, harm, and exploitation. Standards for animal welfare are established by governments and organizations, guiding the treatment of animals in various settings, including agriculture, research, and entertainment. Key aspects include providing proper nutrition, shelter, and medical care, as well as promoting natural behaviors and minimizing stress. Advocates for animal welfare work towards raising awareness and implementing laws and regulations that safeguard animals from cruelty and neglect. It reflects our moral responsibility to ensure humane treatment of all living beings, promoting a more compassionate and just society.